Broad-rimmed dish (tondino) with small sprays of flowers, Turkey (probably Iznik), 1535-1545.
"The shape of this broad-rimmed dish is known as the ‘tondino’ form and comes from Italian pottery. However, the dish was made in Iznik, north-west Anatolia. By the 1530s, the small sprays of tulips and other recognisable flowers shown here were a common motif in Ottoman ceramics.
Iznik has given its name to some of the most accomplished ceramics produced in the Islamic Middle East. In the mid 15th century, potters there specialised in modest earthenware imitations of Chinese blue-and-white porcelain. But in the 1460s or 1470s, under the patronage of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, they began to manufacture bowls, dishes and other pieces of fritware that were elegant in shape and decoration. These wares were often very large.”
Mausoleum of Shirin Beg Agha, sister of Timur, at the Shah-i Zinda necropolis in Samarqand. The exterior decoration of this tomb includes inscriptions attributed to Socrates, including: “In truth the people of this world are like birds rejoicing.”